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iluvsouthernafrica:

Lesotho:

The Basotho women’s art of house decoration:  Litema


“The word Litema (pronounced as “di-the-ma”) is derived from the word “ho lema” which means to cultivate, and “tema”, which denotes a ploughed field. The geometric patterns appeared initially on the inside of dwellings and it was only in the 19th century that it appeared on the outside of homes. In contemporary times the practice of Litema appears to be a seasonal phenomenon associated with special events such as celebrations and religious ceremonies. It not only announces births, deaths, weddings or the arrival of Christmas and Easter, but also serves as a reminder of the passage of time.


It is a tradition where women decorate a house after the men have finished building the house. These highly decorative designs are soft and flowing geometric patterns that are applied with fingers, forks and sticks on the walls of houses.The patterns are sometimes coloured with natural pigments or commercial paint and stains. Stones, embedded in mud and relief designs are sometimes used as a more permanent effect.


Before important events, an entire village might be decorated. Traditionally a chief artist or advisor was called upon to direct and advise the women of the village on the types of design or methods of application. The special occasion became a social event in itself. Whilst squatting and drinking tea, the most skilled Litema artist would sketch her intentions in the dust. Once consensus on a design had been reached, women set out to work. Nowadays, it appears, each woman (possibly joined by members of her household and daughters) prefers her individual design and house decoration. The start of decorating times are greeted with much excitement from friends and neighbours who generously participate in terms of giving advice and moral support. Thus it is still an opportunity for a social get-together. The tradition of mural art in Southern Africa, and in particular the tradition of Litema, is not of recent origins.

Like flowers, Litema blooms with the arrival of spring and wilts with the approach of winter. It dies with the temporary surface of mud it adorns. As the suns dries and cracks the design, the rains come to wash away the ‘dead’ design, making way for new decorative opportunities.”

Author: Rudi de Lange; Photos by Carina Mylene Beyer  & unknown photographer

i-n-e-f-f-a-b-l-e-m-e:

envycamacho:

chrisidk:

distraction:

icy-brunette:

twodigits:

z-deschanel:

watch your fav disney movies :’D (will be redirected after 10-15 seconds)

1937 - Snow White and the Seven Dwarves
1940 - Fantasia
1940 - Pinocchio 
1941 - Dumbo
1941 - The Reluctant Dragon
1942 - Bambi 
1942 - Saludos Amigos 
1943 - Victory Through Air Power 
1945 - The Three Caballeros 
1946 - Make Mine Music 
1946 - Song of the South
1947 - Fun and Fancy Free
1948 - Melody Time
1949 - The Adventures Of Ichabod and Mr. Toad
1950 - Cinderella 
1951 - Alice in Wonderland 
1953 - Peter Pan 
1954 - 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea 
1955 - Lady and the Tramp 
1957 - Old Yeller 
1959 - Darby O’Gill and the Little People 
1959 - Sleeping Beauty 
1960 - Swiss Family Robinson 
1961 - 101 Dalmatians 
1963 - The Sword in the Stone 
1964 - Mary Poppins 
1965 - That Darn Cat 
1967 - The Jungle Book
1968 - The Love Bug 
1970 - The Aristocats 
1971 - Bedknobs and Broomsticks 
1971 - The Million Dollar Duck 
1973 - Robin Hood
1974 - Herbie Rides Again 
1977 - Pete’s Dragon 
1977 - The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh
1977 - The Rescuers
1981 - The Fox and the Hound
1982 - A Disney Christmas Gift 
1985 - The Black Cauldron
1986 - The Great Mouse Detective 
1988 - Oliver & Company 
1988 - Who Framed Roger Rabbit 
1989 - The Little Mermaid 
1990 - Ducktales The Movie - Treasure of the Lost Lamp 
1990 - The Rescuers Down Under 
1991 - Beauty and the Beast
1993 - The Nightmare Before Christmas
1994 - Aladdin -The Return of Jafar 
1994 - Aladdin
1994 - The Lion King 
1995 - A Goofy Movie
1995 - Pocahontas 
1995 - Toy Story
1996 - Aladdin and the King of Thieves 
1996 - James and the Giant Peach 
1996 - The Hunchback of Notre Dame 
1997 - Beauty and the Beast - The Enchanted Christmas
1997 - Hercules 
1997 - Winnie The Pooh’s Most Grand Adventure 
1998 - A Bug’s Life
1998 - Belle’s Magical World
1998 - Mulan
1998 - Pocahontas II - Journey to a New World
1998 - The Lion King 2 - Simba’s Pride
1999 - Mickey’s Once Upon A Christmas
1999 - Tarzan 
1999 - Toy Story 2
1999 - Winnie The Pooh-Seasons of Giving
2000 - An Extremely Goofy Movie 
2000 - Buzz Lightyear Of Star Command, The Adventure Begins
2000 - Dinosaur 
2000 - Fantasia 2000
2000 - The Emperor’s New Groove
2000 - The Little Mermaid 2-Return to the Sea 
2000 - The Tigger Movie
2001 - Atlantis The Lost Empire
2001 - Lady And The Tramp II - Scamp’s Adventure
2001 - Mickey’s Magical Christmas-Snowed In at the House of Mouse 
2001 - Monsters, Inc. 
2002 - Cinderella II - Dreams Come True
2002 - Lilo And Stitch 
2002 - Mickey’s House of Mouse - The Villains
2002 - Return to Never Land
2002 - Tarzan & Jane
2002 - The Hunchback of Notre Dame II
2002 - Treasure Planet
2002 - Winnie the Pooh-A Very Merry Pooh Year 
2003 - 101 Dalmatians 2 - Patch’s London Adventure 
2003 - Atlantis 2 Milo’s Return 
2003 - Brother Bear 
2003 - Finding Nemo 
2003 - Kim Possible - A Stitch In Time
2003 - Piglet’s Big Movie 
2003 - Stitch! The Movie 
2003 - The Jungle Book 2 
2004 - Home On The Range
2004 - Kim Possible - The Villain Files 
2004 - Mickey Donald Goofy-The Three Musketeers 
2004 - Mickeys Twice Upon a Christmas 
2004 - The Incredibles 
2004 - The Lion King 1-1.5 - Hakuna Matata
2004 - Winnie the Pooh - Springtime With Roo
2005 - Chicken Little
2005 - Disney’s Christmas Favourites
2005 - Kim Possible - So The Drama
2005 - Kronk’s New Groove
2005 - Lilo and Stitch 2 - Stitch has a Glitch 
2005 - Pooh’s Heffalump Movie 
2005 - Tarzan II 
2006 - Bambi II 
2006 - Brother Bear 2 
2006 - Cars 
2006 - Leroy & Stitch
2006 - The Fox and the Hound 2 
2007 - Cinderella III - A Twist in Time
2007 - Disney Princess Enchanted Tales - Follow Your Dreams
2007 - Enchanted 
2007 - Meet The Robinsons 
2008 - Bolt 
2008 - The Little Mermaid - Ariel’s Beginning 
2008 - Tinker Bell 
2008 - Wall-E 

did i just die and go to heaven?

for anon.

im sure ill need this sooner or later

all my favorite old movies! hopefully they’ll get 2009-2012 soon :’)

brings back memories :)

(Source: totallytransparent)

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